WEST AFRICAN MUSIC (Côte d'Ivoire, Guinée/1952)

These documents were collected in 1952, by Gilbert Rouget, in the course of an ethnomusicological field-trip sponsored by the Institut Français d'Afrique Noire and the Musée de l'Homme. The record was released in 1972.

"Pastoral nomads roaming the savanna with their herds or sedentary peasants cleaning the forest, horsemen from the desert confines or boatmen manning their dugouts along Atlantic coast, fishermen living on the banks of the great water-ways or cliff-dwelling farmers, rice-eaters or millet-eaters, men that go naked or, on the contrary, muffled up to their ears, lanky people or stocky people, with elongated skulls or round, black skin or tawny, centralized kingdoms or small scattered groups, caste societies or egalitarian societies, Moslems or pagans, with patrilineal descanter, on the contrary matrilineal, "tone" languages or "stress" languages, such is the diversity of men and societies that people the vast expanses of West-Africa. It is reflected in the music which offers a remarkable variety of aspects. The present record shows two of these aspects, which can be considered as broadly representative of the sahelian savanna and the rain forest, two major geographical areas possessing a certain unity from the musical point of view".
Gilbert Rouget.
Side A
(North)
Mandinka Music

Side B
(South)
Baoule Music

Ces documents ont été recueillis par Gilbert Rouget en 1952, au cours d'une mission ethnomusicologie due à l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire et au Musée de l'Homme. Le disque est sorti en 1972.

"Pasteurs nomadisant dans la savane avec leurs troupeaux ou paysans sédentaires défrichant la forêt, cavaliers riverains des grands fleuves ou cultivateurs réfugiés au sommet des falaises, mangeurs de riz ou mangeurs de mil, hommes allant nus ou au contraire emmitouflés, gens élancés ou gens trapus, au crânes rond ou au crâne allongé, à peau noire ou à peau bistre, royaumes centralisés ou groupuscules épars, sociétés à actes ou sociétés égalitaires, musulmanes ou païennes, à filiation patrilinéaire ou, à l'inverse, matrilinéaire, langues "à tons" ou langues "à accent", telle est la diversité des hommes et des sociétés qui peuplent cet énorme territoire qu'est l'Afrique occidentale. Elle se reflète dans la musique, qui possède, elle aussi, une extraordinaire variété d'aspects. Ce disque en montre deux assez largement représentatif, l'un de la savane sahélienne, l'autre de la forêt tropicale, deux grandes zones géographiques présentant chacune, du point de vue de la musique, une certaine unité".
Gilbert Rouget.

Face A
(Nord)
Musique Malinké

Face B
(Sud)
Musique Baoule


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